Tulsa Surgical Arts • Board Certified by the American Board of Cosmetic Surgery • 7322 E 91st Street • Tulsa, OKlahoma 74133

Angelo Cuzalina, MD

Study Evaluates Psychological Results of Sub Muscular Breast Augmentation

It’s very common for women considering breast augmentation to wonder about the expected outcome and the cosmetic changes in their appearance. “How will I look?” is a common question, and surgeons have several ways of explaining or visually representing the results.

But how will you feel? Will the procedure change the way you think? Doctors in Berlin sought to understand the psychological changes that occur after breast augmentation – specifically sub-muscular breast augmentation, a procedure that involves placement of the implant beneath the pectoral muscle.

The physicians outlined the following criteria to assess after surgery:

  • Attractiveness and self-confidence

  • Insecurity or anxiety

  • Emphasis placed on physical appearance

  • Sexual discomfort

Using a 100-point scale, they rated the responses of 58 patients who completed a body image questionnaire. The authors reported significant improvements in all areas except insecurity or anxiety, which they say exhibited “next to no change.” Read more about this study.

How does subpectoral breast augmentation work?

During breast augmentation, your cosmetic surgeon has the option to place the implant above or underneath the pectoral muscle. With either location, the implants will be centered beneath the nipple.

In many cases, breast implant placement is determined by the patient’s body type.  For example, a petite woman and a muscular woman might be recommended different placement options. Read more about breast augmentation and implant placement options at Tulsa Surgical Arts.






Real Patients, Real Results

View Dr. Cuzalina’s Face, Breast, and Body Before & After Gallery. Dr. Cuzalina’s focus for his patients is to have natural-looking results for all procedures. You can view real results with real patients whose lives Dr. Cuzalina has changed.